2021 - 2022
Ein Gedi, literally "spring of the kid (young goat)" is an oasis and a nature reserve, located west of the Dead Sea, near Masada and the Qumran Caves. Ein Gedi is one of the most popular nature sites in the country. The site attracts about one million visitors a year.
In Joshua 15:62, Ein Gedi is enumerated among the wilderness cities of the Tribe of Judah, and in Ezekiel 47:10, it is prophesied that one day, its coastal location will make it into a fishing village, after the water of the Dead Sea has been made sweet:
Fishing nets will be spread from En-gedi to En-eglaim.
Fleeing from King Saul, David hides in the strongholds at Ein Gedi ( 1 Samuel 23:29 and 24:1-2) and Saul seeks him "even upon the most craggy rocks, which are accessible only to wild goats". Psalm 63, subtitled a Psalm of David when he was in the wilderness of Judah, has been associated with David's sojourn in the desert of En-gedi.
In 2 Chronicles 20:2, Ein Gedi is identified with Hazazon-Tamar, (חַצְצוֹן תָּמָר - "portion [of land] of date palms"), on account of the palm groves which surrounded it, where the Moabites and Ammonites gathered in order to fight Josaphat, king of Judah. In Genesis 14:7, Hazazon-tamar is mentioned as being an Amorite city, smitten by Chedorlaomer in his war against the cities of the plain.
The Song of Songs 1:14 speaks of the "vineyards of En Gedi".